A study conducted by the Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group found that a modest reduction in body weight can affect a patient’s risk of developing diabetes.

Weight loss was the dominant predictor of reduced diabetes incidence compared to changes in diet or physical activity in the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). DPP* results reported that losing 1 kg (1.1%) of body weight was associated with a 16% relative reduction in diabetes risk†.

In patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance or diabetes, modest weight loss can lead to meaningful outcomes;

A modest 5% to 10% body weight loss is achievable and can result in clinically meaningful outcomes with respect to the prevention of type 2 diabetes and improvements in glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes.

The available evidence strongly contends that once successfully shed, the weight loss must be maintained to ensure that the clinical benefits, such as the prevention of type 2 diabetes and improvements in glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes, endure.

* The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) was a randomized clinical trial that was conducted in 27 centres in the U.S. The purpose of the DPP was to determine whether the progression to diabetes from a state of Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) can be prevented or delayed. The DPP examined an intensive lifestyle intervention that included moderate-intensity exercise to achieve and sustain at least 150 minutes per week of exercise together with a healthy diet to achieve and maintain at least a 7% loss of body weight. This group was compared with a group given standard lifestyle recommendations. Participants (n=3,234, randomized and followed for 2.7 years) were aged ?25 years, had a BMI of ?24 kg/m2 (?22 kg/m2 in Asian Americans), and had Impaired Glucose Tolerance plus a fasting plasma glucose of 5.3-6.9 mmol/L (or ? 6.9 mmol for American Indians). The primary outcome of the DPP was the development of diabetes on an annual Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) or semi-annual fasting glucose measurement using the criteria of the American Diabetes Association (fasting plasma glucose ?7.0 mmol/L or 2-h plasma glucose ?11.1 mmol/L after a 75-g OGTT that must be confirmed with repeat testing). † After adjustment for changes in diet and activity. ‡ A survey with 2,004 Canadian patients to assess specific recommendations from the Canadian Obesity guidelines: measuring Waist Circumference and screening for weight-related comorbidities such as hypertension or diabetes.

  1. Hamman RF, Wing RR, Edelstein SL, Lachin JM, Bray GA, Delahanty L, et al. Effect of weight loss with lifestyle intervention on risk of diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2006 Sept;29(9):2102–7.
  2. Lau D CW, Teoh. Benefits of modest weight loss on the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Can J Diabetes 2013 Apr;37(2):128-134.
  3.  The Diabetes Prevention Program: baseline characteristics of the randomized cohort. The Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Diabetes Care. 2000 Nov;23(11):1619–29.
  4. Phelan S, Nallari M, Darroch FE, Wing RR. What do physicians recommend to their overweight and obese patients? J Am Board Fam Med 2009 Mar-Apr;22(2):115–122. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2009.02.080081.
  5. Kirk SF, Tytus R, Tsuyuki RT, Sharma AM. Weight management experiences of overweight and obese Canadian adults: findings from a national survey. Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada. 2012 Mar;32(2):63-69 .
  6. Vallis M, Piccinini-Vallis H, Sharma AM, Freedhoff Y. Clinical review: modified 5 As: minimal intervention for obesity counseling in primary care. Can Fam Physician 2013 Jan;59(1):27-31.

If you require this information in an accessible format, please contact Roche at 1-800-561-1759.

*Individual weight loss may vary. Call for details. Compliance with our program is required.